What is the difference of theft and robbery?

cc tv capture of theft

The definition of theft

Stealing is stealing, right? Whether it is a robbery or a theft, they both are the equivalent of stealing, so they are the same thing, right? Wrong. In Florida, as most states, both robbery charges and theft charges are property crimes, but the definition theft vs robbery differs, as do the robbery charges or theft charges.

Theft is defined:  

  • Theft is when an individual obtains or uses another person’s property in order to deprive that person use of the property.
  • Theft is when an individual endeavors to obtain or use another person’s property with intention to deprive that person either temporarily or permanently of that property.
  • Theft is also regularly referred to as larceny and depending on the property’s value or the type of items stolen, we can consider even the circumstances related grand theft or petit theft.

Under Florida law, robbery charges are a more serious offense with more serious punishment handed down. Robbery charges are defined:

  • Robbery charges  is the taking of money or property that may be the topic of larceny from the person with intention to deprive that person  temporarily or permanently of the money or property, when done with assault, force, violence or instilling fear in the person. This act of force or violence is why robbery charges are handed down more serious punishment.

Is Robbery worse than burglary?

Yes, even though the two words are frequently interchanged in movies, on televisions, and in books. The criteria, investigating process, and the victim’s implications are different for the two. Descriptions are:

  • Burglary Charges: A property crime, a forcible or unlawful entry of a structure with intention to steal.
  • Robbery Charges: A violent crime against a person using force or threatens force, violence, or instill fear in the victim.

What is an example of robbery?

Taking anything of value from a person is defined as robbery charges if force or violence took place or was threatened.  In a movie, you see a bank robber pointing a gun at bank patrons while taking their money and the bank’s money – this is theft, robbery with violence.  

However, robbery charges under some state’s laws, the behavior while committing the theft can make a robbery,  One example would be one person shoves another person who is walking by and steals their cell phone from them is makes the charges for theft is robbery charges now.

What is the definition of theft in law?

Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary defines theft to be a generic term of any crime in which a person takes personal property from another without consent or permission. 

In some states, with a low property value of the stolen items is a misdemeanor or petty theft. Larger amounts it comes a felony or “grand theft”. Larceny and theft are synonymous, whereas burglary is entering premise unlawfully to take property and robbery is defined as taking property from another person with force, violence, threatening of force or violence. 

Another term of theft would be embezzlement, the stealing from your employer. Along with burglary, means and methods that were used to embezzle or the act of burglary are designated separately as specific crime types, the charges and punishments that can be handed down.

How do theft charges work?

In the state of Florida, to be convicted of a theft, the possible punishment can be jail or prison time plus expensive fines. The worst part of this is the stigma that will follow you the rest of your life. It can have a negative impact on your finances, jobs, the right to vote, obtain a loan, own a firearm, and more. If the stolen product is stolen by Florida law, it is a 2nd degree felony and punishment can include up to 15 years’ jail time and up to $10,000 fine.

arrested person after theft charges

What can a petty theft charge be reduced to?

Based on the money, labor, personal, or actual property value, a petty theft can be reduced to an infraction. Another factor that can affect the charge being reduced is the criminal history of the accused pertaining to theft-related convictions.

No matter whether you perform a burglary, embezzlement, robbery charges, or theft charges, they are all against the law and the punishments can vary. For this reason, it is to the best interest of the accused to hire the best defense attorney possible. 

An experienced defense attorney will have the knowledge of how the court system works and how to get the charges reduced. After the conviction trial, the same attorney can work the system to get the punishment lessened.

A jury will determine the guilt or innocence in most criminal cases, and the judge determines the sentencing phase. The language as to the applicable criminal statute are used for guidance to determine a sentence. Factors that a judge will take into consideration is any factor that are aggravating or mitigating factors for all charges of burglary, robbery charges, or theft charges. Call (321) 631-2663 today when you need bail options for charges in Cocoa and Palm Bay, FL.